Mammals Of Kerala

Kerala, a state located in the southwestern part of India, is home to a diverse range of mammal species. Here are some notable mammals found in Kerala:

  1. Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus): Kerala is known for its population of Indian elephants. These majestic animals can be found in various national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, such as Periyar Tiger Reserve and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
  2. Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris): Though the population of tigers in Kerala is relatively small, they can be found in protected areas like Periyar Tiger Reserve and Parambikulam Tiger Reserve. Conservation efforts are in place to preserve these critically endangered animals.
  3. Gaur (Bos gaurus): The gaur, also known as the Indian bison, is the largest species of wild cattle and can be found in the forests of Kerala. They are often seen in national parks like Periyar Tiger Reserve and Silent Valley National Park.
  4. Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius): The Nilgiri Tahr is an endangered mountain goat species that is endemic to the Western Ghats of India. They inhabit the high-altitude grasslands of Eravikulam National Park and other parts of the Western Ghats in Kerala.
  5. Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus): The lion-tailed macaque is a critically endangered primate species that is endemic to the Western Ghats. They can be found in certain forested regions of Kerala, such as Silent Valley National Park and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary.
  6. Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica): Known for its vibrant and colorful fur, the Indian giant squirrel is found in the forests of Kerala. They can be spotted in places like Periyar Tiger Reserve and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary.
  7. Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus giganteus): The Indian flying fox, a species of fruit bat, can be found in Kerala. They inhabit the forests and are often seen in large groups hanging from trees, especially in areas like Silent Valley National Park.
  8. Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata): The Indian pangolin is a scaly anteater species that can be found in the forests of Kerala. They are nocturnal and primarily feed on ants and termites.

These are just a few examples of the many mammal species found in Kerala. The state’s diverse habitat, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands, supports a rich variety of wildlife.

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English NameSpecies NameVernacular Name
Asian ElephantElephas maximusAna
Dugong (Sea Cow)Dugong dugonKadal Pasu
Madras TreeshrewAnathana elliotMara Nacheli
Gray Slender LorisLoris lydekkerianusKuttittevann
Bonnet MacaqueMacaca radiataNatan Kurann
Lion-tailed MacaqueMacaca silenusSinhavalan Kurann
Black-footed Gray LangurSemnopithecus hypoleucosKarinkayyan Kurann
Nilgiri LangurSemnopithecus johniiKarinkurann
Tufted Gray LangurSemnopithecus priamTeappi hanuman kurann
Malabar Giant SquirrelRatufa indicaMalayannan
Grizzled Giant SquirrelRatufa macrouraChampal Annan
Indian Giant Flying SquirrelPetaurista philippensisParan
Travancore Flying SquirrelPetinomys fuscocapillusKunnan Paran
Three-striped Palm SquirrelFunambulus palmarumAnnarakkannan
Nilgiri Palm SquirreFunambulus sublineatusKunnan Annān
Jungle Palm SquirreFunambulus tristriatusKattuvarayannan
Spiny Tree MousePlatacanthomys lasiurusMulleli
Lesser Bandicoot-ratBandicota bengalensisTurappaneli
Greater Bandicoot-ratBandicota indicaPeruchali
Indian Bush RatGolunda elliotGealunta Eli
Blanford’s MadromysMadromys blanfordiVellavalan Eli
Little Indian Field MouseMus boodugaCheruchunteli
Bonhote’s MouseMus famulusKattuchunteli
House MouseMus musculusChunteli
Brown Spiny MouseMus platythrixMullan Chunteli
Brown RatRattus norvegicusTavitan Eli
Ranjini’s Field RatRattus ranjiniaeNelleli
House RatRattus rattusEli
Sahyadris Forest RatRattus sataraeSahyadri Katteli
Indian GerbilTatera indicaKangaru Eli
Nilgiri VandeleuriaVandeleuria nilagiricaValan Chunteli
Indian Crested PorcupineHystrix indicaMullanpanni
Bare-bellied HedgehogParaechinus nudiventrisIttilpanni
Kelaart’s Long-clawed ShrewFeroculus feroculusSilean Nacheli
Day’s ShrewSuncus dayiKattunacheli
House ShrewSuncus murinusVittunacheli
Hill ShrewSuncus nigerMalanacheli
Pygmy White-toothed ShrewSuncus etruscusKunnannacheli
Lesser Dog-faced Fruit BatCynopterus brachyotisSvanamukhan Vavval
Short-nosed Fruit BatCynopterus sphinxKurumukkan Vavval
Dawn BatEonycteris spelaeaPrabhata Vavval
Indian Flying FoxPteropus giganteusIntyan Palavavval
Fulvous Fruit BatRousettus leschenaultiiMannachuvappan Palavavval
Pouch-bearing BatSaccolaimus saccolaimusSanchivahi Uravalanvaval
Bearded Sheath–tailed BatTaphozous melanopogonKarintati Uravalanvaval
Long-armed Sheath-tailed BatTaphozous longimanusNilkkaiyyan Uravalanvaval
Greater False-vampire BatMegaderma lyraValiya Narichir
Lesser False-vampire BatMegaderma spasmaCeriya Narichir
Lesser Woolly Horseshoe BatRhinolophus beddomeiChinna Kutiralatanvaval
Blyth’s Horseshoe BatRhinolophus lepidusCheru Kutiralatanvaval
Least Horseshoe BatRhinolophus pusillusKunnan Kutiralatanvaval
Rufous Horseshoe BatRhinolophus rouxiiChempan Kutiralatanvaval
Dusky Leaf-nosed BatHipposideros aterIrulan Ilamukkanvaval
Fulvus Leaf-nosed BatHipposideros fulvusTavitan Ilamukkanvaval
Schneider’s Leaf-nosed BatHipposideros speorisIntyan Ilamukkanvaval
Egyptian Free-tailed BatTadarida aegyptiacaIjipsyn Valanvaval
Hairy-winged BatHarpiocephalus harpiaReamachirakan Vaval
Painted BatKerivoula pictaChitravaval
Horsfield’s Mouse-eared BatMyotis horsfieldiiCheviyan Vaval
Burmese Whiskered BatMyotis montivagusMisavaval
Chocolate BatFalsistrellus affinisFalsistrellus affinis
Kelaart’s PipistrellePipistrellus ceylonicusSilean Atakkavaval
Least PipistrellePipistrellus tenuisKunnan Atakkavaval
Dormer’s BatScotozous dormeriDearmarute Atakkavaval
Greater Asiatic Yellow House BatScotophilus heathiiMannavaval
Lesser Asiatic Yellow BatScotophilus kuhliiCheru Mannavavval
Bamboo BatTylonycteris pachypusMulavaval
Indian PangolinManis crassicaudataInampecci
Bengal FoxVulpes bengalensisKurukkan
Golden JackalCanis aureusKurunari, Ulan
Indian Wild DogCuon alpinusChennaya, Kattunaya
Sloth BearMelursus ursinusKarati
Nilgiri MartenMartes gwatkinsiMaranāya
Asian Small-clawed OtterAonyx cinereaMala Nirnaya
Smooth-coated OtterLutrogale perspicillataNirnaya
Small Indian CivetViverricula indicaPuveruk
Common Palm CivetParadoxurus hermaphroditusMarappatti
Brown Palm CivetParadoxurus jerdoniTavitan Veruk
Brown MongooseHerpestes fuscusTavitan Kīri
Indian Grey MongooseHerpestes edwardsiiNatan Kiri
Ruddy MongooseHerpestes smithiiChuṇayan Kiri
Stripe-necked MongooseHerpestes vitticollisChenkiri
Jungle CatFelis chausKattupucha
Leopard CatPrionailurus bengalensisPulipucha
Rusty-spotted CatPrionailurus rubiginosusTurumpan Pucha
LeopardPanthera pardusPullippul
TigerPanthera tigrisKatuva
Wild BoarSus scrofaKattupanni
Indian ChevrotainMoschiola indicaKuraman, Kuranpanni
Spotted DeerAxis axisPulliman
Barking DeerMuntiacus muntjakKelaman, Kelayat
Sambar DeerRusa unicolorKalaman, Mlav
GaurBos gaurusKattupeat
Four-horned AntelopeTetracerus quadricornisUllaman
Nilgiri TahNilgiritragus hylocriusVarayat
Common DolphinKatalpanni, Kataleti
Grey DolphinGrampus griseusChara Dealphin
Short-finned Pilot WhaleGlobicephala macrorhynchusKunnichirakan Dealphin
Pygmy Killer WhaleFeresa attenuataKunnan Kealayalitimigalam D
Fraser’s DolphinLagenodelphis hoseiPhraserute Dealphin
Melon-headed DolphinPeponocephala electraTalayan Timingalam
False Killer WhalePseudorca crassidensKapata Kealayalit imingalam
Rough-toothed DolphinSteno bredanensisParukkan Pallan
Indo-Pacific humpback DolphinSousa chinensisPunnanet
Striped DolphinStenella coeruleoalbaVarayan
Finless PorpoiseNeophocaena phocaenoidesEliyaneti
Pantropical Spotted DolphinStenella attenuataPulli Dealphin
Spinner DolphinStenella longirostrisMeliyaneti
Bottle-nosed DolphinTursiops truncatusKuppimukkan Dealphin
Finless PorpoiseNeophocaena phocaenoidesEliyaneti
Pygmy Sperm WhaleKogia brevicepsKunnan Ennatimingalam
Sperm WhalePhyseter catodonEnna Timingalam
Ginkgo-toothed WhaleMesoplodon ginkgodensJinkea Timingalam
Minke WhaleBalaenoptera acutorostrataCheru Timingalam
Bryde’s WhaleBalaenoptera edeniBraidanre Timingalam
Blue WhaleBalaenoptera musculusNila Timingalam
Fin WhaleBalaenoptera physalusChirakan Timingalam
Humpback WhaleMegaptera novaeangliaeKunan Timingalam

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