Flowering Plants In Kerala

Kerala, located in the southern part of India, is known for its rich biodiversity and lush greenery. The state is home to a wide variety of flowering plants, including both native species and introduced ornamental plants. Here are some examples of flowering plants found in Kerala:

  1. Jasmine (Jasminum spp.): Jasmine plants, particularly the Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac), are popular in Kerala for their fragrant white flowers. They are commonly cultivated in gardens and used for making garlands and perfumes.
  2. Orchids (Orchidaceae): Kerala is known for its orchid diversity, and numerous species of orchids can be found in the region. Some notable orchids include the Vanda coerulea, Dendrobium aqueum, and Bulbophyllum species.
  3. Ixora (Ixora spp.): Ixora is a flowering shrub commonly seen in Kerala. It produces clusters of small, vibrant-colored flowers in shades of red, orange, pink, and yellow. It is often used in landscaping and as hedge plants.
  4. Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis): The hibiscus plant is a tropical flowering shrub with large, showy flowers. It comes in various colors, including red, pink, yellow, and white. Hibiscus flowers are used in traditional Ayurvedic preparations and also adorn women’s hair during festivals.
  5. Flame Lily (Gloriosa superba): The flame lily is a striking climbing plant with unique, flame-like flowers. It has red or yellow petals with wavy edges and is often found in the wild in Kerala.
  6. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.): Bougainvillea is a thorny vine known for its vibrant bracts, which are usually pink, purple, red, or orange. It is commonly seen in gardens and along fences and adds a splash of color to the landscape.
  7. Plumeria (Plumeria spp.): Plumeria, also known as frangipani, is a fragrant flowering tree that produces beautiful, waxy flowers in various colors, such as white, yellow, pink, and red. The flowers are often used in religious ceremonies and for making garlands.
  8. Marigold (Tagetes spp.): Marigolds are popular annual flowers in Kerala, commonly used for decorative purposes and in religious ceremonies. They have vibrant yellow or orange flowers and are believed to bring good luck.
  9. Anthurium (Anthurium spp.): Anthurium plants are known for their striking, heart-shaped flowers and glossy leaves. They come in various colors, including shades of red, pink, and white. Anthuriums are often grown as houseplants or used in floral arrangements.
NameScientific NameCommon NameFamily
Aambal or Water LilyNymphaea NouchaliAambal or Water-lilyNymphaeaceae
Arali, Nerium Plant, Dog Bane, South Sea Rose, AdalphaNerium IndicumArali, Nerium Plant, Dog Bane, South Sea Rose, AdalphaApocyanaceae
Arumasam, Krishna Kireedam or Pagoda PlantClerodentron PaniculatumArumasam, Krishna Kireedam or Pagoda PlantVerbenaceae
Ashokam, Galasoka, Anganapriya or Ashoka TreeSaraca AshocaAshokam, Galasoka, Anganapriya or Ashoka TreeCaesalpiniacea
Chempakam or Joy Perfume TreeMichelia ChempacaChempakam or Joy Perfume TreeMagnoliaceae
Chemparuthi or Rose Mallow or SorrelHibiscus RosasinensisChemparuthi or Rose Mallow or SorrelMalvaceae
Kashithetti, Savam-Nari or Madagascar PeriwinkleCatharanthus roseus (Vinca rosea)Kashithetti, Savam-Nari or Madagascar PeriwinkleApocynaceae
Kanakambaram, Abuli or fire Cracker PlantCrossandra infundibuliformisKanakambaram, Abuli or fire Cracker PlantAcanthaceae or Ruellia
Kanikkonna1Cassia FistulaKanikkonnaFabaceae
Kongini or BendhiCalendula OfficianalisKongini or BendhiAusteraceae
Kulamariyan, Madhumalti or Rangoon or Chinese CreeperQuisqualis indicaKulamariyan, Madhumalti or Rangoon or Chinese CreeperCombretaceae
Mandaram or Dwarf White BauhiniaBauhinia AcuminataMandaram or Dwarf White BauhiniaFabaceae
Mukkutti or Life PlantBiophytum SensitivumMukkutti or Life PlantOxalidaceae
Mulla or JasmineJasminum GrandiflorumMulla or JasmineOleaceae
Nalumani or Four O Clock PlantMirabilis JalapaNalumani or Four O Clock PlantNyctagenacea
Nandiarvattom or Crepe Jasmine or Carnation of IndiaTabeamaemontana DiverticataNandiarvattom or Crepe Jasmine or Carnation of IndiaApocyanaceae
Pala or Black Board Tree or Indian Devil TreeAlstonia ScholarisPala or Black Board Tree or Indian Devil TreeApocynaceae
Pitchi, Jathimalli or Common Jasmine or Poet’s PasmineJasminum OfficinalePitchi, Jathimalli or Common Jasmine or Poet’s PasmineOleaceae
Rajamalli, Dasa Mandaram or Dwarf PoincianaCaesalpinia PulcherrimaRajamalli, Dasa Mandaram or Dwarf PoincianaFabaceae
Sankhu Pushpam, Gokarna, Aparojita or Butterfly Pea or Blue PeavineClitoria TernateaSankhu Pushpam, Gokarna, Aparojita or Butterfly Pea or Blue PeavineFabaceae
Thamara, Kamalam, Padmam or Indian LotusNelumbo NuciferaThamara, Kamalam, Padmam or Indian LotusNelumbonaceae
Thetti, Thechi or West Indian Jasmine or Jungle GeraniumIxora CocciniaThetti, Thechi or West Indian Jasmine or Jungle GeraniumRubiaceae
Thottavadi or Tickle Me PlantMimosa PudicaThottavadi or Tickle Me PlantLeguminosae
Thulasi or Holy Basil Plant is an herb with high medicinal valueOcimum Tunnuiflorum or Ocimum SanctumThulasi or Holy Basil Plant is an herb with high medicinal valueLaminaceae
Vakha, Gulmohur, Krishna-Chura or Royal PoincianaDelonix RegiaVakha, Gulmohur, Krishna-Chura or Royal PoincianaFabaceae
Velipparuthi or Spanish Flag is a wild invasive spiny shrubLantana CamaraVelipparuthi or Spanish Flag is a wild invasive spiny shrubVerbenaceae

These are just a few examples of the many flowering plants that can be found in Kerala. The region’s tropical climate and abundant rainfall make it a favorable environment for a wide range of plant species.

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