Birds Of Kerala

Kerala, a state located in the southwestern region of India, is known for its rich biodiversity and abundant birdlife. The region’s diverse landscapes, including dense forests, wetlands, backwaters, and coastal areas, provide a variety of habitats for different bird species. Here are some notable birds of Kerala:

  1. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus): The Indian Peafowl, also known as the Indian Peacock, is the national bird of India. The male peacock is renowned for its vibrant and iridescent plumage.
  2. Malabar Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus): The Malabar Hornbill is a large bird with a prominent curved bill and a colorful casque on top of its head. It is found in the Western Ghats region of Kerala.
  3. Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis): The Great Hornbill is one of the largest hornbill species and is known for its distinctive casque and large curved bill. It inhabits the forests of the Western Ghats.
  4. Indian Pitta (Pitta brachyura): The Indian Pitta is a small, colorful bird with a distinctive pattern of green, blue, and orange feathers. It is known for its melodious call and is found in the forests of Kerala.
  5. Crimson-backed Sunbird (Leptocoma minima): The Crimson-backed Sunbird is a tiny bird with a brilliant red-orange back and a long curved bill. It is commonly seen in gardens and wooded areas of Kerala.
  6. White-bellied Treepie (Dendrocitta leucogastra): The White-bellied Treepie is a medium-sized bird with a black and white plumage and a long tail. It is found in the forests and plantations of Kerala.
  7. Malabar Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus): The Malabar Grey Hornbill is a medium-sized bird with a grey plumage, a white belly, and a large yellow bill. It is endemic to the Western Ghats and is known for its unique call.
  8. Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala): The Painted Stork is a large wading bird with a white plumage, a black wing, and a distinctive pink bill. It can be seen in wetland areas and backwaters of Kerala.
  9. Lesser Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna javanica): The Lesser Whistling Duck is a small duck species with a long neck and a distinctive whistling call. It is commonly found in freshwater wetlands and paddy fields.
  10. Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis): The Indian Cormorant is a medium-sized waterbird with a dark plumage, a long neck, and a hooked bill. It can be spotted near water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and backwaters.
NameLocal Name
Little CormorantKakkattaravu
Indian Darter or Snake BirdChera Kozhi
Indian Littile Green BitternChinna Kokku
Indian Pond Heron, or Paddy BirdKulamunti, Kulakokku
Cattle EgretKalimunti
Aambal or Water LilyNymphaeaceae
Eastern Grey HeroPerumunti
Indian Smaller EgretCherumunti
Little EgretChinnamunti
Indian Reef HeronTiramunti
Night HeronToppi-Kokku, Pathirakokku
OpenBill StorkCherakokkan
White Necked StorkKarim-Kokku, Karavarakuru
White IbisKashanti-Kokku
Lesser or Common Whistling TealYeranda
Common TealYeranda
Cotton TealYeranda
Blacke Lackwinged KiteVelli-Eriyan
Crested Honey BuzzardTen kotichi
Common Parian KiteChakki Parundu
Black EagleKarimparundu
Brahminy KiteGarudan, Krishna Parundu
Aambal or Water LilyNymphaeaceae
White Breasted WaterhenKula Kozhi
The Brozewinged JacanaEetkili Kalam, Thamarakozhi
Pheasant-Tailed JacanaThamara Kozhi, Valan Thamara Kozhi
Travancore Pied King FisherPulli-Ponman, Pulli Meenkothi
Chestnut-Headed Bee-EaterVeli-Tatta, Chemban Velitatta
Malabar Grey HornbillVezhambal
Malabar Pied HornbillVezhambal, Ponden Vezhambal
Great Indian HornbillMalamuzhalkki (mountain – shaking), Vezhambal, Kompan Vezhambal
Malabar Crimson Throated BarbetAlkili
Aambal or Water LilyNymphaeaceae
Crimson Brested or CopperSmith BarbetNymphaeaceae
Aambal or Water LilyChempukotti
Malabar Great Black WoodpeckerKakka Maramkoti
Heart Spotted WoodpeckerPulli Maramkoti
Black-backed WoodpeckerMaramkoti
Indian OrioleManjakkili
Bladck DrongoKakka Tampuratti, Anaranchi

These are just a few examples of the diverse bird species found in Kerala. The state is a haven for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts, offering numerous opportunities to observe and appreciate its avian treasures.

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