Almost 22 percent of the total area of the state is covered in lush green forests. Karnataka is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. In fact, the highest density of tigers in the country can be found here. Also, a quarter of the world’s population of Asiatic elephants is present in this state. The Bandipur National Park is a playground for various wildlife with elephants taking the lead. One must visit the Rajiv Gandhi National Park in Nagarhole, which too is famous for elephants.
Other wildlife spots in the state are Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary, Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary, BRT Wildlife Sanctuary, Kokkrebellur Pelicanry, Kaggaladu Heronry, Bannerghatta National Park, Anshi National Park, Kudremukh National Park, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary, Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary and Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary. The sanctuaries contain diverse mammals, birds and amphibians.
The wildlife tours of the state stretch from the evergreen forests of the Western Ghats to the scrub jungle of the plains. The Western Ghats are one of the planet’s bio-diversity hot spots and run approximately 1,600 kilometres through the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The largest proportion, about 45 percent, of the protected habitats in the Western Ghats are located within Karnataka.