Peppara Dam

An Essential Water Source And Sanctuary For Wildlife

The Peppara Dam, situated in the Trivandrum district of Kerala, India, transcends its concrete existence. It serves as a crucial reservoir for drinking water in Thiruvananthapuram city and its surrounding areas, while also providing a refuge for a variety of wildlife. Nestled amidst the verdant landscapes of the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, it stands as a picturesque spot in harmony with nature.

Established in 1983 by the Kerala Water Authority, the Peppara Dam stands as a masonry gravity dam on the Karamana River. Stretching across 423 meters and encompassing a catchment area of 83 square kilometers, it plays a crucial role in controlling the water flow to Aruvikkara. This regulation ensures a steady water supply for the city’s requirements. Moreover, a 3MW hydel power station within the dam significantly contributes to the region’s power generation.

More Than Water Provision: The dam’s importance transcends its role in water supply. Situated within the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, spanning 75 square kilometers of tropical moist evergreen forests, freshwater swamps, hills, and valleys, it serves as a sanctuary for diverse wildlife. This biodiverse haven hosts a range of animal species, such as elephants, sambar deer, lion-tailed macaques, and numerous endemic bird species.

Due to safety considerations, the dam itself remains inaccessible to the public. However, the adjacent sanctuary provides abundant opportunities for nature enthusiasts. Guests can partake in wildlife safaris, boat excursions, trekking paths, and birdwatching adventures. The tranquil and scenic environment renders it a favored spot for picnics, family outings, and immersing oneself in the natural beauty of Kerala.

Obstacles and Environmental Preservation: The Peppara Dam encounters challenges in reconciling water requirements with ecological sustainability. Striking a delicate balance between meeting the city’s water needs and safeguarding the sanctuary’s ecosystem is paramount. Conservation initiatives concentrate on safeguarding the dam’s catchment area, mitigating soil erosion, and minimizing disruptions to the wildlife habitat.

More Details:

  • Trivandrum city is located 39 km away.
  • The nearest town is Vithurai.
  • Ideal visiting period is from October to May.
  • Engaging activities include wildlife safaris, boat rides, trekking, and birdwatching.
  • Check entry fees and timings on the Kerala Forest Department website.

The Peppara Dam stands as a crucial illustration of harmonizing infrastructure development with ecological preservation. While offering vital water resources, it also plays a role in safeguarding a diverse biodiversity sanctuary. As Kerala pursues sustainable development, the insights gained from Peppara can steer upcoming projects toward achieving a balanced coexistence of human necessities and environmental welfare.

Peppara Dam Photos

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